French Lesson Confident Conversations

French Lesson Confident Conversations – Here are some more helpful phrases to use, that will get you feeling more confident in conversations.

Chapter 6 is part of the Free French lessons on this website, and also features in the full french audiobook HERE

Here it is “to drop”: « baisser »

“Sales dropped in Q1.”

« Les ventes ont baissé en T1. » 

Let’s break it down:

“sales”: « les ventes »

“to drop”: « baisser »

So “to drop” literally means to fall down. But the English uses very practical images whereas the French is more theoretical. « baisser » is “to decrease”

“in Q1”: « en T1 » (pronounced « té-un »)

So, Q1 means “the first quarter,” « T1 » means « le premier trimestre ».

In English you have two words, “quarter” and “trimester”. These mean the same thing in different contexts. In French, there’s only one word: « un trimestre ».

Quick tip: Articles 

You see that “sales” has no article in English but « les ventes » has an article in French. 

Here is a golden rule for you. You always need an article in French. There are few exceptions. When in doubt, use an article, either a definite article like here « les ventes »: “the sales” or an indefinite article like « des ventes »: “some sales”.

French Grammar point: Le passé composé

That is a very useful tense in the past. Why is it used? It is the standard past tense. It describes a past event that influences the present and is now complete. It describes a brief event, not a continuous background event.

For example:

“Sales have dropped suddenly.”: « Les ventes ont baissée d’un coup. » 


“Sales were dropping steadily throughout Q1.”: « Les ventes baissaient régulièrement au cours du T1. »

So, in the first sentence “have dropped”: « ont baissé », I used « passé composé » (brief event).

In the second sentence: “were dropping”: « baissaient », I used « imparfait » which is a different past, a continuous background event past.

How does it work? You use the auxiliary verb, « l’auxiliaire être »: “to be” or « avoir »: “to have”, in the present, and then you add the past participle [Note: the audio incorrectly says “principle”] of the main verb.

For example:

“have dropped”: « ont baissé »

« ont » is the verb « avoir » in the present, and « baissé » is the past participle of the verb « BAISSER », in the infinitive. So, you have six declensions for « baisser ».

French Lesson Confident Conversations and the Verb Baisser

Let’s conjugate it in the « passé composé »:

BAISSER (TO DROP): passé composé

J’ai baissé: I dropped

Tu as baissé: You dropped

Il/Elle a baissé: H/She dropped

Nous avons baissé: We dropped

Vous avez baissé: You dropped

Ils/Elles ont baissé: They dropped

You see, it is really easy because the past participle doesn’t change, « avoir » does change because it’s in the present.

Let’s now conjugate a third group « PRENDRE »: “to take”. « PRENDRE » ends with « -RE » so it rightly belongs to the third group.

Conjugate the Verb PRENDRE (TO TAKE): passé composé

J’ai pris: I took

Tu as pris: You took

Il/Elle a pris: He/She took

Nous avons pris: We took

Vous avez pris: You took

Ils/Elles ont pris: They took

So, you see that it works exactly the same. « avoir » in the present, with the past participle of « PRENDRE », which is « pris ».

Here is the example sentence again:

“Sales dropped in Q1.”

« Les ventes ont baissée en T1. » 

There are a lot of good tips and tricks in this French Lesson, and there are even more pronouns HERE

When you are ready for even faster learning and progress to build your confidence, you should definitely check out the full French audiobook HERE